acrylic painting by J.
Alla prima - A method of oil painting in which
the picture is completed with the first application
of paints to the entire area, instead of being built
up by layering. Italian for "the first time."
- An image that appears distorted unless it is viewed
from a special angle, or with a mirror, or with some
other device. A famous example of such an anamorphic
image is that of a skull in the painting The Ambassadors
by Hans Holbein (German, 1497/8-1543). In photography,
an anamorphic lens is capable of compressing a wide
angle of view onto a standard frame of film. A similar
projection system can be used to reform such an image
onto a wide screen.
- A design made by stitching pieces of colored fabric
onto a larger piece of cloth. Appliqué is used
for wall hangings and as decoration on clothing, quilts
- A monoprint made by painting with a water medium on
a metal, glass, or plastic plate and pulling one print
from that plate. Additional colors can be printed by
aligning the paper to the plate design.
- The technique of drawing or painting with transparent
watercolor, or a piece of work made this way. French
- French. An artist's or an artisan's studio; a workshop.
Sometimes refers to a studio where an artist trains
for his profession.
Atlas - A muscular
male nude, either carved or painted, acting as a column
or pillar, carrying an architrave or other architectural
element. This is the male counterpart of a caryatid.
Named after Atlas, the Titan (giant) who in Greek mythology
was condemned to carry the earth and the heavens on
his shoulders. The atlant, employed in both Roman and
Greek architecture, was revived in Baroque architecture
and painting. The Romans called such figures telamones.
- French for vanguard. Artists and their work which
stand in the forefront of new ideas, often in opposition
to established ideas and traditions; art that's ahead
of its time, innovative, experimental. The modern era
has invariably had a flourishing avant-garde, but many
have said it is no longer possible in a postmodern era.
The bourgeoisie, once alienated by the avant-garde,
rarely question any longer the presentation of any avant-garde's
productions by their public institutions.
A method of dyeing cloth which involves the use of removable
wax to repel (resist) the dye on parts of the design
where dye is not desired. Batik originated in Indonesia,
where its production continues to thrive.
- A small art object, which is either rare or decorative.
Also, a miniature book, especially one finely made.
- Originally, the alternative lifestyle of the avant-garde
creative community of the Romantic movement during the
nineteenth century, especially characterized by anti-bourgeois
and anti-intellectual attitudes. This way of life was
thought to have been similar to that of apparently rootless
Gypsies from the Bohemian region of Czechoslovakia.
This mythology continues to add luster to manners and
values conspicuously different from those expected or
approved by the majority of society.
- In Japanese art tradition, an ink painting employing
the traditional black color.
- The Italian word for studio or workshop. Often used
to identify an object made in the studio of a master
when his pupils' or assistants' work on it appears to
dominate his own.
- An Italian term for a sculptured sketch made as a
model, typically of wax or clay. This is the Italian
equivalent to a maquette, a French term used more often
by English speakers than is bozzetto.
In art, the body of unquestionably important artists
(DWMs-- dead white males) and works. Until recently
the canon was seldom challenged, and changed at a sluggish
pace. Now it's being relentlessly challenged by art
historians and critics recovering forgotten and ignored
artists (especially by women, non-whites, and outsiders)
both within and outside the Western world. The scope
of what is considered art has been widening as new fields,
including photography, performance art, video, crafts,
and design, are added to what amounts to an ever-increasing
canon. Postmodernism, however, has put in question the
very idea of an irreducible list of masters and masterpieces.
So, when referring to the canon today, one should specify
what sort of canon one means.
- Refers to the painting style of several French artists
of the nineteenth century, reminiscent of the look of
cloisonné enamel and stained glass windows. Gregg
Simpson, a contemporary Canadian artist, has painted
a series of what he calls Cloisonnist Landscapes.
- The common and brand name for a drawing medium comparable
to colored chalk. It is available in several colors.
Most common are red-brown (called sanguine, French for
blood), dark-brown (called bistre), black, grays, and
Dilettante - A
dabbler in an art or a field of knowledge; an amateur
Divisionism - A
system of painting in small dots of color placed in
relation to each other based on certain color theories.
Also see neo-impressionism.
Femmage - A type
of collage that includes textile art, traditionally
made by women.
Hatching - Creating tonal or shading
effects with closely spaced parallel lines. When more
such lines are placed at an angle across the first,
it is called cross-hatching. Artists use this technique,
varying the size, closeness and other qualities of the
lines, most commonly in drawing, linear painting, engraving,
Monoprint - One-of-a-kind
print conceived by the artist and printed by or under
the artist's supervision.
- An artwork comprising of portions of various existing
images such as from photographs or prints and arranged
so that they join, overlap or blend to create a new
Origami - The craft
or technique of folding paper into shapes, representing
animals, for example. A decorative object made by folding
Parsemage - A method of making
an image by scattering dust from charcoal or colored
chalk on water and then skimming the design off by passing
a stiff paper or cardboard just under the water's surface.
Parsemage was invented by surrealist Ithell Colquhoun.
Pastiche - A work
of art made in admitted imitation of several style of
other works. A composition of incongruous parts; a hodgepodge
or pasticcio. Often a pastiche is made in order to ridicule
the style of the artist it imitates.
Rubénisme - The doctrine
that color, rather than form, was the most important
element in painting.
Sericel - An image
which may or may not have appeared in an animated film
that has been printed -- by serigraphraphy -- onto an
animation cel, usually as part of a limited edition.
A sericel would not have been photographed in the making
of an animated film.
Variegated - Marked
with patches, spots, or streaks of different colors.
In contrast to a surface having either one color or
a regular pattern or texture, a variegated surface has
a varied design of several colors and / or textures.
Vignette - A decorative
design placed at breaks in an article, at the beginning
or end of a book or chapter of a book, or along the
border of a page. Sometimes, an unbordered picture,
often a portrait the edges of which fade off or blur
into the color of its surrounding area.