"Flight to Serenity"
acrylic painting by J.
Abstract - A 20th century style of painting in
which nonrepresentational lines, colors, shapes, and
forms replace accurate visual depiction of objects,
landscape, and figures. The subjects often stylized,
blurred, repeated or broken down into basic forms so
that it becomes unrecognizable. Intangible subjects
such as thoughts, emotions, and time are often expressed
in abstract art form.
Art Nouveau - A painting, printmaking, decorative
design, and architectural style developed in England
in the 1880s. Art Nouveau, primarily an ornamental style,
was not only a protest against the sterile Realism,
but against the whole drift toward industrialization
and mechanization and the unnatural artifacts they produced.
The style is characterized by the usage of sinuous,
graceful, cursive lines, interlaced patterns, flowers,
plants, insects and other motifs inspired by nature.
Cubism - An art style developed in 1908 by Picasso
and Braque whereby the artist breaks down the natural
forms of the subjects into geometric shapes and creates
a new kind of pictorial space. In contrast to traditional
painting styles where the perspective of subjects is
fixed and complete, cubist work can portray the subject
from multiple perspectives.
Dadaism - An art style founded by Hans Arp in
Zurich after WW1 which challenged the established canons
of art, thoughts and morality etc. Disgusted with the
war and society in general, Dadaist expressed their
feelings by creating "non-art." The term Dada,
nonsense or baby-talk term, symbolizes the loss of meaning
in the European culture. Dada art is difficult to interpret
since there is no common foundation.
Expressionism - An art movement of the early
20th century in which traditional adherence to realism
and proportion was replaced by the artist's emotional
connection to the subject. These paintings are often
abstract, the subject matter distorted in color and
form to emphasize and express the intense emotion of
Impressionism - An art movement founded in France
in the last third of the 19th century. Impressionist
artists sought to break up light into its component
colors and render its ephemeral play on various objects.
The artist's vision was intensely centered on light
and the ways it transforms the visible world. This style
of painting is characterized by short brush strokes
of bright colors used to recreate visual impressions
of the subject and to capture the light, climate and
atmosphere of the subject at a specific moment in time.
The chosen colors represent light which is broken down
into its spectrum components and recombined by the eyes
into another color when viewed at a distance (an optical
mixture). The term was first used in 1874 by a journalist
ridiculing a landscape by Monet called Impression -
Pop Art - A style of art which seeks its inspiration
from commercial art and items of mass culture (such
as comic strips, popular foods and brand name packaging).
Pop art was first developed in New York City in the
1950's and soon became the dominant avant-garde art
form in the United States.
Realism - A style of painting which depicts
subject matter (form, color, space) as it appears in
actuality or ordinary visual experience without distortion
Romanticism - An art style which emphasizes the personal,
emotional and dramatic through the use of exotic, literary
or historical subject matter.
Surrealism - An art style developed in Europe
in the 1920's, characterized by using the subconscious
as a source of creativity to liberate pictorial subjects
and ideas. Surrealist paintings often depict unexpected
or irrational objects in an atmosphere of fantasy, creating
a dreamlike scenario.
Symbolism - An art style developed
in the late 19th century characterized by the incorporation
of symbols and ideas, usually spiritual or mystical
in nature, which represent the inner life of people.
Traditional modeled depictions are replaced or contrasted
by flat mosaic-like surfaces decoratively embellished
with figures and design elements.
Trompe l'oeil (Trick of the Eye) - A style of
painting in which architectural detail are rendered
in extremely fine detail in order to create the illusion
of tactile (tangible) and spatial qualities. This form
of painting was first used by the Romans thousands of
years ago in frescoes and murals.